Evidence-Based Project Impact Evaluation

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Course Description

In the past decade, many development projects in Africa have had to grapple and struggle with the challenges of establishing impacts for their various interventions in a valid evidence-based manner. Impact evaluation in some cases is confused with project management and evaluation. In other cases, project managers do not realize that the foundation for a successful impact evaluation is often laid at the beginning of the project.

Many project managers and project monitoring and evaluation officers often want to know how to deal with situations when conducting an evidence-based and scientific impact evaluation becomes difficult or outright impossible especially in an highly dynamic sociopolitical environment. In other words, are there alternatives? Can these alternatives achieve the same results?

This course is designed to provide practical answers to these questions and expose participants to various issues, solutions and alternatives to conducting acceptable impacts evaluation.



On completion of the course, participants will be able to do the following:

  • Understand the truth and rationale behind an evidence-based approach at impact evaluation
  • Understand the impact evaluation cycle, the stages covered and strategies for operationalizing at the start of an intervention
  • Acquire knowledge of current and emerging approaches to impact evaluation
  • Understand, differentiate and chose among the experimental, quasi-experimental and non-experimental approaches to impact evaluations depending on situations
  • Acquire knowledge and skills for conducting adequate randomization and sampling for impact evaluation
  • Understand and address casual inference and counterfactual challenges in impact evaluation
  • Avoid the common pitfalls of impact evaluations
  • Identify, appreciate and embrace participants to lessons learned from past impact evaluation
  • Receive direct expert advice, support and assistance from course facilitators on a one-on-one basis.



  • Project monitoring and evaluation managers and officers and staff of development projects and programmes.
  • Project managers/coordinators and members of their project team.
  • Staff of project supervision and oversight units, committees and board members as well as government officials at the federal, state and local government.



  • Module 1: Contemporary Experiences, Issues and Challenges in Project IE
    • Contemporary Experiences, Issues and Challenges in Project IE
      • Session 1: The Role of Project IE in Sustainable Development
      • Session 2: Project IE in Context: Dealing with Common Misconceptions
      • Session 3: The Central Challenge in Project IE: Establishing Counterfactual
      • Module I Completion Quiz
  • Module 2: Operationalizing IE: Measurement, Cycles and Implementation
    • Operationalizing IE: Measurement, Cycles and Implementation
      • Session 4: Project IE Planning Using Result Chain
      • Session 5: The Project IE Cycle
      • Session 6: Integrating IE Cycle with the Project Management Cycle
      • Module II Completion Exercise
  • Module 3: Experimental Design: Randomized Evaluation for Project IE
    • Experimental Design: Randomized Evaluation for Project IE
      • Session 7: Framework and Elements of Experimental Design
      • Session 8: Levels and Units of Randomization
      • Session 9: Ensuring the External and Internal Validity of Intervention Groups
      • Module III Completion Quiz
  • Module 4: Non-Experimental Approaches to IE
    • Non-Experimental Approaches to IE
      • Session 11: The Goal and Challenges of Establishing Causality in IE
      • Session 12: Before and After Strategy Review
      • Session 13: Non-Participant Strategy Review
      • Session 14: Difference-in-Difference Strategy (DiD) Review
      • Session 15: Matching with DiD Strategy Review
      • Session 16: Regression Discontinuity Strategy Review
      • Module IV Completion Quiz
  • Module 5: Practical Sampling for Successful IEs
    • Practical Sampling for Successful IEs
      • Session 17: Sampling Frame, Size & Confidence
      • Session 18: Calculating Sample Size
      • Session 19: General Issues in Sampling
      • Module V Completion Exercise
  • Module 6: IE in Practice: Global Case Studies and Best Practices
    • IE in Practice: Global Case Studies and Best Practices
      • Session 20: IE in Practice
      • Course Completion Assignment

About Instructor

The Hill City Consulting's primary goal is to strategically and continually build the capacity of the nation’s vast human resource to design and operate successful systems both in their organizations and the larger societies.


Evidence-Based Project Impact Evaluation

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